The celebration of Chinese New Year, also known as “Spring Festival” is celebrated not only in China but als all the countries of the Chinese diaspora . It is followed especially in Vietnam, where it takes the name of Tet holiday. The festivities beginthe first day of the first new moon of the lunar calendar, determined by the astronomical observatory of the Purple Mountain, near Nanjing. They end two weeks later, with the first full moon. Since the Chinese calendar is based on lunar cycles, the New Year’s date varies slightly from year to year: it can fall between January 21st and February 20th.
Ten days before the beginning of the Lunar New Year, it is customary to carry out a thorough cleaning of the home, in order to chase the bad fate that could be embedded in it. Traditionally, Eve and New Year’s Day are reserved for family celebrations, including religious ceremonies in memory of ancestors. On the first day of the year, members of the family offer themselves red envelopes ( h ò ngbao) containing small amounts of money. The festivities are accompanied by multiple dances and fireworks. They culminate at the Lantern Festival, which is celebrated on the last day of the New Year’s Eve. That night, colorful lanterns hang on the houses and a gala dinner brings together all the family members, who have often performed long lunches. travel for the event. Traditional dishes are eaten in north-eastern China, such as ji áo zi (ravioli in the form of old gold bullion evoking prosperity), yuanxiao soup (stuffed rice dumplings soup). sugary, which symbolizes the family unit), fagao or niángao(rice cake flourishing) and, specialty of Southeast Asia, yusheng (a salad of raw fish and vegetables).
The Chinese New Year has been around for centuries and has its roots in legendary stories. One of them tells how Nian Shouu, a fierce and hideous demon, devoured people on the night of the first day of the year. This monster fearing red color, noise and light, it became a ritual, to remove it, to place on the walls and on the doors conjuring formulas on red paper, to let lanterns burn all night and to light fires Bengal and firecrackers.